The Fifth Modernization (第五个现代化, 1978)

Key essay written by Wei Jingsheng (魏京生, 1950-), originally published on the Xidan Democracy Wall (西单民主墙, 1978-1979). Full chinese text at: 魏京生-第五个现代化.md.

Not to be confused with the one of the same title made by the CCP in 2013: https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/第五个现代化_(中国共产党)

"Fifth" is a reference to the fifth modernization he felt was necessary in addition to the four modernizations (四个现代化) the government was proposing in its propaganda at the time: agriculture, industry science and defense.

Full text on Jingsheng’s apparently official website: https://weijingsheng.org/doc/cn/46.htm

Most notable quote:


We want to be the masters of our own destiny. We need no gods or emperors and we don’t believe in saviors of any kind
we do not want to serve as mere tools of dictators with personal ambitions for carrying out modernization.
We want to modernize the lives of the people. Democracy, freedom, and happiness for all are our sole objectives